Menopausal Care

Menopausal Care

Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of a woman's reproductive years. It occurs when a woman's ovaries stop producing eggs, and her menstrual cycle ceases. While menopause is a normal part of a woman's life, it can also bring about a range of physical and emotional changes that can be challenging to manage. Menopausal care is a crucial aspect of women's health that focuses on supporting women through this transition and helping them to maintain their overall well-being.

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can be an effective solution to ease symptoms associated with menopause, such as hot flashes, mood shifts and vaginal dryness. Furthermore, HRT may reduce risks such as osteoporosis and breast cancer.

GPs should advise their patients of the risks of HRT. Women taking estrogen alone or combined HRT for five years or more run an increased risk of blood clots, heart disease, stroke, liver disease and breast cancer.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes may also help women manage menopausal symptoms, including diet, regular exercise and maintaining good mental health.

Women who are deficient in Vitamin D should increase their consumption to lower the risk of osteoporosis and heart disease, and limit caffeine and alcohol use which can contribute to weight gain or other problems.

Herbal and Dietary Supplements

Herbal and dietary supplements may help relieve some menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes. As many herbs and supplements are not regulated by the FDA, it's advisable to speak to your doctor first before considering using them.

Other Methods of Treating Symptoms

Other methods for treating menopausal symptoms may include non-hormonal medicines (like Clonidine and Gabapentin for hot flushes), psychological therapies like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and physical activities. As these therapies may cause side effects, it is wise to consult a trained healthcare provider prior to beginning them.

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), is the go-to treatment for menopausal symptoms. HRT works by replacing the reduced production of estrogen and progestogen that your body produces as part of menopause symptoms.

Dr. Rohini Khera Bhatt (Consultant Gynecologist & Laparoscopic & Infertility Specialist) MBBS (KGMC-King George Medical University, Lucknow), MS (Gold Medalist), DNB, MRCOG (United Kingdom)