Gynae Oncology

Gynae Oncology

Gynecologic oncologists are physicians specializing in treating cancers of a woman's reproductive tract. They provide multidisciplinary care, such as surgery, medicine and radiation oncology. Early diagnosis of gynecologic cancer often leads to better treatments and outcomes, making cancer screenings so vitally important.

Screening tests

Screening tests are medical examinations designed to detect diseases in individuals without symptoms. This helps decrease morbidity and mortality rates from illness by finding it early when treatment can be more effective; screening can also prevent diseases that cannot be detected with regular symptomatic testing; examples include Pap tests, mammograms and colonoscopies.

Ideal screening tools should distinguish between those who do and do not have disease, be cost-effective and noninvasive, have high sensitivity and specificity scores and be cheap to implement - however in practice this often means sacrificing sensitivity in favor of specificity, leading to false positives that must be carefully considered when cost is factored in.

Pap smear

A pap smear is a screening test used to check your cervix for abnormal cells that could potentially lead to cervical cancer. Additionally, this screening can screen for human papillomavirus (HPV), an often sexually transmitted infection which increases your risk of cervical cancer.

Your doctor will swab cells from your cervix and place them either into a container containing special liquid (liquid-based Pap test) or onto a glass slide (conventional Pap test), for preservation purposes. A laboratory specialist then analyzes your sample under a microscope, classifying any cell changes found.


HPV (human papillomavirus) is a virus that can lead to abnormal cell changes on the cervix and elsewhere, and can even increase risk for cervical cancer. Over 100 different strains or types exist - some more dangerous than others.

The Pap Test, commonly referred to as a pap smear, detects abnormal cells on the cervix that could become cancer (precancers). At the same time as taking the Pap Smear, an HPV test should also be taken to detect human papillomavirus that causes these changes; HPV can also cause warts and lesions on vaginal walls as well as penile or anal tissue lesions that require treatment; treatments include topical medicines, cryosurgery (freezing warts), electrocautery or laser therapy treatments for HPV lesions.

Vaccine for cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that begins in cells on the surface of the cervix. A Pap test or HPV test can identify abnormal cells before they have time to turn into cancerous ones, providing early warning of disease progression and potential treatment options based on stage, type and if children will be planned in the future.

The HPV vaccine protects against infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), which can lead to cervical cancer. It's safe and effective; available regularly to people within its age range. Routine screening with Pap tests remains recommended to detect cervical cancer early.

Emotional Counselling

Counsellors must understand and empathise with their client while listening without judgement and with an open mind. Furthermore, it's important that counsellors remain mindful of any emotional responses to hearing about trauma histories from clients as this could influence how they respond to them.

Contrary to many psychotherapies, this approach works through feelings rather than symptoms, which allows you to access the source of painful behaviors and release them, while simultaneously helping identify any learned protection mechanisms which no longer serve your wellbeing.

Dr. Rohini Khera Bhatt (Consultant Gynecologist & Laparoscopic & Infertility Specialist) MBBS (KGMC-King George Medical University, Lucknow), MS (Gold Medalist), DNB, MRCOG (United Kingdom)